Acta Classica

Articles

Vol. 56, Annual

A.B. Lloyd, A Companion to Ancient Egypt
A.B. Lloyd, A Companion to Ancient Egypt. 2 Vols. Chichester, Wiley-Blackwell 2010. ISBN 978-1-4051-5598-4. Pp. xliii + 1276, incl. 28 pp. of plates. Price UK275.00 [pound sterling], 330.00 [euro]. There is certainly no lack of excellent dictionaries,...
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Beryl Rawson (Ed.), A Companion to Families in the Greek and Roman Worlds
Beryl Rawson (ed.); A Companion to Families in the Greek and Roman Worlds. Maiden, Oxford & Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011. Pp. xix + 643, 3 maps, 80 figures and 8 tables. ISBN 978-1-4051-8767-1. Price UK120.00[pounds sterling], 144.00[euro]....
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Jan Scholtemeijer, Plautus Praat Vlot Afrikaans. Vier Komedies Van Titus Maccius Plautus in Afrikaans Vertaal
Jan Scholtemeijer, Plautus Praat Vht Afrikaans. Vier komedies van Titus Maccius Plautus in Afrikaans vertaal, met 'n Inleiding deur Koos Kritzinger. Pretoria, Cordis Trust Publikasies, 2012. Pp. 202. Fotobylae i-x, DVD van Potparanoia (Aulularia)....
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Suzanne Sharland, Horace in Dialogue: Bakhtinian Readings in the Satires
Suzanne Sharland, Horace in Dialogue: Bakhtinian Readings in the Satires. Oxford, Peter Lang 2010. Pp. xii+347. ISBN 978-3-03911-946-2. Price UK48.00[pound sterling], 60.00[euro]. In this reworking of Suzanne Sharland's doctoral thesis she took...
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Adjectival Periphrasis in Ancient Greek: The Categorial Status of the Participle
Introduction The subject of this article is what has been called 'adjectival periphrasis' in studies on the Ancient Greek participle (see Bjorck 1940 for the term 'adjektivische Periphrase'). This term refers to combinations of the type [TEXT NOT...
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Word Pictures: Visualising with Ovid
Introduction Videmus natura, spectamus voluntate, intuemur cura, aspicimus ex improviso. We see naturally, we look voluntarily, we watch something with care, and we inspect something if we have been surprised by it. (Ps.-Fronto, Gramm. 7.520.18...
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Casperius Aelianus, Trajan and the Mutiny of 97
The most puzzling event in the brief reign of the emperor Nerva was surely the mutiny of the praetorian guard in AD 97. In 2001, Berriman & Todd proposed a radical interpretation of the insurrection, which holds that Casperius Aelianus was Trajan's...
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'He Smiles and Is Gentle': The Lighter Side of Palladas of Alexandria
Introduction We recall the verdict of Georg Luck, who criticised Palladas' epigrams for their shallow pessimism and eccentric invective, which he regarded as 'not balanced by a sense of values which recognizes the good and the beautiful next to...
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Laispodias Andronymios PAA 600730
After almost one hundred years of uninterrupted democratic rule the hitherto dormant oligarchic opposition in Athens managed to emerge triumphant in a dramatic series of events culminating in the establishment of the Four Hundred, whose short-lived...
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Prime Ricognizioni Sul Corpvs Dei Deperdita Sofoclei Nell'opera Di Angelo Poliziano
Introduzione Edita a Firenze nel 1489, per i tipi di Antonio Miscomini, la prima centuria dei Miscellanea di Angelo Ambrogini (meglio conosciuto con l'appellativo di Poliziano), (1) costituisce un valido banco di prova alla luce del quale saggiare...
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The Recognition of Roman Soldiers' Mental Impairment
1. Introduction This article focuses on the Roman awareness of mental repercussions of warfare and of the military life on soldiers and veterans, using source material from the Republic until Late Antiquity. This has not been examined by modern...
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Richard Whitaker, the Iliad of Homer: A Southern African Translation
Richard Whitaker, The Iliad of Homer: A Southern African Translation. Cape Town: New Voices, 2012. Pp. 528. ISBN: 978-1-920411-97-8. R180.00. The publication of Professor Whitaker's translation has been eagerly awaited. It has been, as the very...
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J.E. Atkinson, Curtius Rufus: Histories of Alexander the Great Book 10. Clarendon Ancient History Series
J.E. Atkinson, Curtius Rufus: Histories of Alexander the Great Book 10. Clarendon Ancient History Series. Oxford, Clarendon Press 2009. Pp. 320. ISBN 978-0-19-955762-2. Price UK90.00 [pounds sterling]. (1) I would like to begin my review of this...
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Jo-Marie Claassen, N.P. Van Wyk Louw, Germanicus: Translated and with an Introduction
Jo-Marie Claassen, N.P. van Wyk Louw, Germanicus: Translated and with an Introduction. Smashwords Dragonfly eBooks, 2013. (11) Pp. 142. ISBN 9781301402489. Price US$10.00. Germanicus is one of the few characters who emerges with positive, even perhaps...
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B. Goff, Your Secret Language: Classics in the British Colonies of West Africa. Classical Diaspora
B. Goff, Your Secret Language: Classics in the British Colonies of West Africa. Classical Diaspora. London & New York, Bloomsbury 2013. Pp. 239. ISBN 978-1-78093-205-7. Price UK65.00[pounds sterling]; US$130.00. In this stimulating contribution...
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Liz James (Ed.), A Companion to Byzantium
Liz James (ed.), A Companion to Byzantium. Maiden, Oxford & Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010. Pp. xxx + 451. ISBN 978-1-4051-2654-0. Price UK136.00 [pounds sterling], 163.20[euro]. Liz James (pp. 1-8) defines her edition of A Companion to Byzantium...
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Vol. 55, Annual

In Memoriam; Denis Bain Saddington (1931-2011): Praefectus De Auxiliis Historicorum
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] An Appreciation An appreciation of Professor Saddington as a military historian, which I have been asked to offer, may denote (for some) a limited field. 'Military history', however, if narrowly perceived, hardly reflects...
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List of Publications
'Roman attitudes to the externae gentes of the North', AClass 4 (1961) 90-102. 'The function of education according to Christian writers of the latter part of the fourth century A.D.', AClass 8 (1965) 86-101. 'The Classics in South Africa', Euphrosyne...
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Roman Fleets in the Black Sea: Mysteries of the Classis Pontica
Prehistory Some background to the maritime world of the Black Sea and the various categories of Roman fleets would be beneficial. The Euxine rim's vibrant commercial and cultural network connected communities, some Greek colonies from the late 6th...
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The Cohors I Hamiorum in Britain
The existence of the auxiliary regiment discussed in this paper is first securely attested in the reign of Hadrian and hence it does not qualify for mention in Denis Saddington's monograph on the auxilia, of which the terminal dates are 49 BC to AD...
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Maenius Agrippa, a Chronological Conundrum
Introduction Some people from antiquity evoke more than usual interest. One such person is Marcus Maenius Agrippa, a host to Hadrian, participant in a British expedition and commander of the regiment based at Maryport. His career helps to illustrate...
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Military Colonisation in the near East and Mesopotamia under the Severi
Establishing veteran colonies was a practice used from the time of Gaius Marius. Most scholars believe that it ceased completely after Hadrian. (1) Thereafter, they maintain, the colonial status granted to various cities was simply titular and had...
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The Symbol of Cleopatra Selene: Reading Crocodiles on Coins in the Late Republic and Early Principate
Introduction In the period 37-34 BC, two series of coins (one with Latin legends, the other Greek) were issued in Crete and Cyrenaica to mark the Roman triumvir Marcus Antonius' assignment of these territories to Cleopatra Selene, his daughter by...
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The Cult of Neoptolemos at Delphi in Heliodoros' Aithiopika
In Heliodoros' Aithiopika (2.34.2-7) the priest of Apollo at Delphi, Charikles, describes the quadrennial sacrifice ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) and embassy ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) (1) sent to Delphi at the time of the Pythian Games...
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A Lost Inscription from Castlecary on the Antonine Wall
A surge in antiquarian activity along the line of the Roman frontier in Central Scotland between the Forth and the Clyde in the half century from 1680 onwards resulted in a fivefold increase in the meagre number of inscribed stones hitherto recovered...
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Decurions et Centurions Auxiliaires Sous le Principat En Afrique-Numidie
In memory of Denis Saddington. He was a great scholar and, more, a good friend. He has left us too promptly and too soon. La question des centurions de l'armee romaine a ete etudiee abondamment, mais essentiellement pour les legionnaires. (1) Les...
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Jasper Heywood's Translations of Senecan Tragedy
The translation of Senecan tragedies into English has a long history. They were among the first Classical works to be taken up by translators during the Elizabethan period, a time when translation flourished. (1) In an influential article on Senecan...
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Vol. 54, Annual

Jo-Marie Claassen: An Appreciation
Jo-Marie Claassen speaks of herself as a 'glorified teacher' and an 'accidental academic' whose interests are (in order of preference): people, books, languages, domestic pets and handwork. Johanna Maria Latsky was born in Cape Town in 1940 into...
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Towards the Identification of Verbal Periphrasis in Ancient Greek: A Prototype Analysis
1. Introduction Verbal periphrasis is a problematic and much discussed issue (cf. the introductory chapter by Pusch & Wesch 2003). This is not to say that there is no consensus whatsoever with regard to its general characteristics, which are...
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Sailing to Nuceria: Evidence for the Date of Xenophon of Ephesus
Introduction Halfway through his circuitous travels in search of his wife Anthia, who is at that moment in the clutches of a brothel-keeper at Tarentum, Habrocomes, the hero of the novel by Xenophon of Ephesus, crosses from Sicily to the coast of...
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Caesar or Augustus? the Game of the Name in Ovid's Fasti
What's in a Name? 'Augustus' is the honorific cognomen granted by the senate in 27 BC to Imperator Caesar, divi filius, to advertise his new persona and superhuman status vis-a-vis the Roman world. This name, which bore an implication of 'increase'...
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Ghostly Guests and Venomous Snakes: Traces of Civil War in Horace, Satires 2.8
'... the times have been, That, when the brains were out, the man would die, And there an end; but now they rise again, With twenty mortal murders on their crowns, And push us from our stools...' (William Shakespeare, Macbeth Act...
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The Structure of Vergil's Eclogues
Introduction 'Vergil is a poet of labyrinthine intricacy' (1) and the complex and multi-levelled structure of his Eclogues is belied by an apparently easy-flowing surface structure. A close examination of the poems gradually reveals the complicated...
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Nec Me Mea Fallit Imago: Ovid's Poetics of Ironyand Reflections of Lucretius and Pythagoras in the Metamorphoses
Introduction ... iuvat ire per alta astra, iuvat terris et inerti sede relicta nube vehi validique umeris insistere Atlantis palantesque hominess passim et rationis egentes 150 despectare procul trepidosque obitumque timentes ...
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Traffic Policy and Circulation in Roman Cities
Introduction Throughout history, research into ancient Roman traffic circulation was an 'untrodden path'. The famous stepping-stones and wheel ruts in Pompeii, now typical touristic features, were for a long time not considered worthy of more detailed...
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Two Textual Problems in Ovid, Ex Ponto 3.3
Ex Ponto 3.3.71-76: utque hoc, sic utinam defendere cetera possem! scis aliud quod te laeserit esse magis. quidquid id est (neque enim debet dolor ipse referri, nec potes a culpa dicere abesse tua), tu licet erroris sub imagine crimen...
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A Classical Association of South Africa in 1908
Until now, I, like other classical scholars, believed that a national Classical Association of South Africa (CASA) was founded for the first time in 1927. (3) However, new evidence requires that we backdate the existence of CASA, in some form at least,...
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Vol. 53, Annual

Honour in the Ranks of Alexander the Great's Army
Introduction In his study of the meaning of honour in Alexander's campaigns, Roisman concludes that Alexander strove to remove 'any sense of equality between himself and others in his camp or empire', and did this by claiming 'superior honor and...
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The Templum Pacis: Construction of Memory under Vespasian
Introduction The Templum Pacis, constructed between ad 71 and 75, (1) was the first entirely new building 'of any consequence' to be finished under Vespasian, who had succeeded in establishing a new imperial dynasty following the tumult of 69. (2)...
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Stoic Morality and Polyxena's 'Free' Death in Euripides' Hecuba
In Euripides' Hecuba, the assembly of the Greek army resolve to sacrifice Polyxena to the ghost of Achilles (218-21). Polyxena acknowledges the inevitability of her death (346), (1) but she is determined to act herself and to persuade others to act...
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Reading between the Lines: Aristotle's Views on Religion
Introduction In Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics you will find detailed discussion of various virtues that Plato was interested in: prudence, justice, fortitude and temperance. There is, however, a curious omission. You will not find Aristotle's opinion...
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Conflict and Emotion in Medea's 'Irrational' Dream (A.R. 3.616-35)
Introduction Apollonius' Medea is a psychologically complex character whose emotional depth is revealed in the dream passage in Book 3 of the Argonautica. Scholars have discussed the importance of Medea's psychological characterization in Book 3,...
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Staking a Claim for Lyric Achievement: Horace, Odes 3.7-12
Introduction I have chosen to focus on this cluster of poems (Odes 3.7-12) (1) at the beginning of Book 3 for a number of reasons. First, this cluster of poems, together with the preceding Roman Odes, forms a showcase of Horace's lyric achievement...
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Titus Flavius Vespasianus 9-79 CE
VESPASIAN: POWER AND PRESENTATION The series of papers on the reign of Vespasian (AD 69-79) which appear in this volume of Acta Classica owe their existence to a day-long conference held at the University of Queensland in November 2009. One aim...
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Suetonius on Vespasian's Rise to Power under the Julio-Claudians
Introduction Suetonius begins the final book of his De vita Caesarum, in which were covered the lives of Vespasian, Titus and Domitian, with a ringing endorsement of the Flavian dynasty: the principates of Galba, Otho and Vitellius are characterised...
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Suetonius and Vespasian's Humour
Plutarch, the older contemporary of Suetonius, stresses at the beginning of his life of Alexander (1.2) that he is not writing history but biography, and that often a small act or word or joke makes more impression of character (the subject of biography)...
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Suetonius Vespasianus 3: The Status of Flavia Domitilla
inter haec Flaviam Domitillam duxit uxorem, Stattii Capellae equitis R. Sabratensis ex Africa delicatam olim Latinaeque condicionis, sed mox ingenuam et civem Rom. reciperatorio iudicio pronuntiatam, patre asserente Flavio Liberale Ferenti...
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Vol. 52, Annual

G. Van N. Viljoen
G. VAN N. VILJOEN (11.09.1926 - 29.03.2009) Om 'n huldeblyk aan Gerrit Viljoen te skryf is moeilik, omdat hierdie werklik uitsonderlike man se vele voortreflikhede nie na reg onder woorde gebring kan word nie, maar aan die ander kant maklik omdat...
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John Hilton & Anne Gosling (Edd.), Alma Parens Originalis? the Receptions of Literature and Thought in Africa, Europe, the United States, and Cuba
John Hilton & Anne Gosling (edd.), Alma Parens Originalis? The Receptions of Literature and Thought in Africa, Europe, the United States, and Cuba. Oxford, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, New York & Wien: Peter Lang 2007. Pp. 359....
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Alexandra Lianeri & Vanda Zajko (Edd.), Translation and the Classic. Identity as Change in the History of Culture
Alexandra Lianeri & Vanda Zajko (edd.), Translation and the Classic. Identity as Change in the History of Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2008. Pp. xii + 435. 70.00[pounds sterling]. ISBN 978-0-19-928807-6. At the heart of this volume,...
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Daniel Ogden (Ed.), 2007. A Companion to Greek Religion. Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World: Literature and Culture
Daniel Ogden (ed.), 2007. A Companion to Greek 'Religion. Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World: Literature and Culture. Maiden, Mass., Oxford, UK & Carlton, Victoria: Blackwell Publishing 2007. Pp. xxi + 497. 85.00[pounds sterling], US$149.95....
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Crossing the Roman Frontier: Egypt in Rome (and Beyond)
Introduction In 264 BC Rome became involved in the First Punic War against Carthage. By the end of this war (241 BC) the Romans found themselves in possession of Sicily, which became the first Roman province. The Third Punic War ended in 146 BC,...
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Alexander's Last Days: Malaria and Mind Games?
By the time Alexander fell ill in Babylon before the end of May 323, there can have been few among his officers and men who had any real interest in his continued existence. He had lost face when his troops forced him to abandon his plan to advance...
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Cornelius Fronto: A 'Libyan Nomad' at Rome
Introduction This article considers the Roman orator, Marcus Cornelius Fronto, teacher of the young Marcus Aurelius, in his guise as African expatriate at Rome. Its title is based on a claim that Fronto makes in a letter to Marcus Aurelius's mother,...
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The Aqua Claudia Interruption
It is generally agreed that the city of ancient Rome had eleven major aqueducts, all built in a five-century period, and possibly a few minor aqueducts, probably between eight and twelve in number (see Appendix for a list of the eleven aqueducts)....
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Palladas of Alexandria on Women
Introduction Palladas was active in Alexandria around the second half of the 4th century CE. This dating is deduced from references in his poems to Themistius, praefectus urbi of Constantinople in 384 (11.292), (1) the destruction of the Sarapeion...
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Contemporary Elements in Achilles Tatius's Leucippe and Clitophon
Introduction The author whom we know as Achilles Tatius is an enigma. His first name, Achilles, identifies him as a Greek, and his evident interest in Alexandria (cf. 5.1) suggests that he was a Greek living in Egypt. However, his second name, Tatius...
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Soporific Satire: Horace, Damasippus and Professor Snore (Stertinius) in Satire 2.3
In Sat. 1.9 Horace relates that when he once consulted a fortune-teller, he was advised that there was one group of individuals that he should especially do his best to avoid--the talkative: loquaces, si sapiat, vitet, simul atque adoleverit aetas...
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Katherine Clarke, Making Time for the Past: Local History and the Polis
Katherine Clarke, Making Time for the Past: Local History and the Polis. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2008. Pp. xiii + 408. 74.00 [pounds sterling]. ISBN 978-0199291083. We tend to take time for granted. The hours, minutes and days pass by at...
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Vol. 51, Annual

Pieter Jacobus Conradie: An Appreciation
Pieter Jacobus Conradie is one of the few Afrikaans-speaking male South African Classicists who came to the discipline because of love for the Classics and not because of a calling to the ministry. That is, he did not discover Greek at university...
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William Golding's the Double Tongue as Hypertext of Euripides's Ion
1. Introduction On his sudden death in June 1993, British author William Golding left behind a shortish historical novel, or novella, in near-final draft form. From among several other titles in Golding's handwriting at the head of the drafts,...
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Traces of Cynic Monotheism in the Early Roman Empire
Introduction Cynic philosophy's roots go back to the 4th century BC, but it experienced a revival approximately simultaneous with the dramatic rise of Christianity. The two movements had much in common, not least their shared criticism of traditional...
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Strategies for Encomium in Dio of Prusa, Oration 53
Among the surviving works of Dio of Prusa is a short prose piece, numbered 53 in von Arnim's edition of the corpus, entitled On Homer. That Dio should have devoted a laudatory speech to Homer is not surprising. Homer features in several other speeches...
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Exchanging Gladiators for an Aqueduct at Aphrodisias (Seg 50.1096)
Introduction Excavations at Aphrodisias in 1994 turned up fragments of a single slab of marble that had been re-used as a paving-stone. The upper face contained the text of four letters written by Hadrian to the magistrates, council, and people...
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The Jewish Background of the So-Called 'Gospel' of Judas
Introduction Just before Passover 2006 the National Geographic Society (1) announced the imminent publication of a 'Gospel' that was written in an ancient language, Coptic, which is the abbreviation for aigyptios (Lambdin 1983:vii). This was...
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Cassandra-Feminine Corrective in Aeschylus's Agamemnon
The Problem The figure of Cassandra is perhaps the most complex one of the Oresteia trilogy. This is because she seems to be a combination of archetypes: the Virgin Bride, the Sacrificial Virgin, and the Wife. This article analyses these archetypal...
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Gaius and Marcus Marius in Iberia and Gaul: Family Affairs and Provincial Clients
Marius's first attested service overseas was in the campaigns against the Numantines (Plut. Mar. 3.2), who were Celtiberians living in the region west of the Roman province of Hispania Citerior. (2) At that stage, still in his twenties, Marius was...
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Epigrammatic Psogos: Censure in the Epigrams of Palladas of Alexandria
Introduction Palladas of Alexandria, whose floruit seems to date to the second half of the 4th century CE, early in the Byzantine era, (1) has long been identified as an important figure, even an innovator, in the history of the Greek epigram....
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Raising One's Standards? Domitian as Model in Ammianus 14.1.10
At the culmination of the opening section of Book 14, Ammianus portrays the praetorian prefect Thalassius deliberately provoking the anger of the evil Caesar Gallus: Thalassius uero ea tempestate praefectus praetorio praesens ipse, quoque...
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Vol. 50, Annual

Luca Graverini, Wytse Keulen and Alessandro Barchiesi (Edd.), Il Romanzo Classico: Forme, Testi, Problemi
Luca Graverini, Wytse Keulen and Alessandro Barchiesi (edd.), Il Romanzo classico: forme, testi, problemi. Roma: Carocci, 2006. Pp. 247. 18.20 [euro]. ISBN 88430-3795-1. This is an introduction to the study of the ancient romances aimed at Italian...
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Christian Laes, Kinderen Bij De Romeinen. Zes Eeuwen Dagelijks Leven
Christian Laes, Kinderen bij de Romeinen. Zes eeuwen dagelijks leven. Davidsford, Leuven. 2006. Paperback. ISBN 90-5826393-2. 343 pp. This book has an unassuming yet comprehensive title. This is a good reflection of its contents and the approach...
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Johan C. Thom, Cleanthes' Hymn to Zeus. Text, Translation, and Commentary
Johan C. Thom, Cleanthes' Hymn to Zeus. Text, Translation, and Commentary. Studien und Texte zu Antike und Christentum 33. Tubingen, Mohr Siebeck. 2005. Pp. 207. ISBN 3-16-148660-9. The hymn addressed to Zeus composed by the Second Stoic scholar...
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John M. Wilkins & Shaun Hill, Food in the Ancient World
John M. Wilkins & Shaun Hill, Food in the Ancient World. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2006. Pp. 300. ISBN 0-631-23550-7. 55.00 [pounds sterling]/$70.95 (hardback), 17.99 [pounds sterling]/$29.95 (paperback). This attractive volume is a...
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Summaries of papers/Opsommings Van Referate
CASA CONFERENCE UNIVERSITY OF CAPE TOWN, 2-5 JULY 2007 KVSA-KONGRES UNIVERSITEIT VAN KAAPSTAD, 2-5 JULIE 2007 Jana Adamitis Christopher Newport, VA jadam@cnu.edu 'Horace, Augustus and empire' In Odes 1.2 Horace employs the interrelated...
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Periodicals Received in Exchange for ACTA Classica: (December 2007)
The Editorial Board welcomes exchange arrangements with academic periodicals of similar nature and content. Acta Antiqua (Budapest, Hungary) Acta Classica Universitatis Scientiarum Debreceniensis (Debrechen, Hungary) Africa Romana (Sassari,...
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The Influence of Roman Law on the Practice of Slavery at the Cape of Good Hope (1652-1834)
ABSTRACT This article investigates the extent to which Roman Law and received ideas about Roman slavery actually did form the basis on which slavery was practised and administered in the Cape of Good Hope between 1652 and 1834. Cape slavery was...
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On Judging Alexander: A Matter of Honour
ABSTRACT Cartledge's insistence that Alexander was guided by the heroic 'moral code of honour' is considered in terms of paradigms established in Stewart's Honor, and in contrast with Holt's view of the 'Homeric code'. This paper deals first with...
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Romanos Melodos, 'On the Massacre of the Innocents': A Perspective on Ekphrasis as a Method of Patristic Exegesis
ABSTRACT The rhetorical genre of ekphrasis was widely employed by patristic and Byzantine authors, especially in their homiletic output. Here we have especially in mind the descriptive homily: As opposed to the exegetical homily, in which the Fathers...
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King Meets Dog: The Origin of the Meeting between Alexander and Diogenes
ABSTRACT The article questions some scholarly assumptions about the famous anecdote on the meeting between Alexander and Diogenes the Cynic. While scholars have rightly placed the story within the topos of the opposition between wise man and king,...
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Principles of Early Education in Plato's Laws
ABSTRACT The precepts and principles of early education which Plato lays down in the Laws are not confined to a hypothetical ideal state. Collectively, so I argue, they constitute a template to which every positive system of education, ancient or...
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The Sulpician Law on Debt: Implications for the Political Elite and Broader Ramifications
ABSTRACT Although there may be topical elements in descriptions about senatorial debt in the first century BC, the phenomenon does appear to have been historical. This study attempts to trace the origin of long-standing senatorial debts and how...
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Foxy or Out-Foxed Citizens? Solon, Fr. 11 West (15 Gentili-Prato)
ABSTRACT This article deals with the much-debated problem of the meaning and reference of the metaphor of the fox in line 5. Philological, historical and literary arguments are marshalled in an attempt to understand the metaphor and its significance...
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School-Teachers in the Roman Empire: A Survey of the Epigraphical Evidence
ABSTRACT This article serves a double purpose. It aims at offering the most complete collection of epigraphial evidence concerning schoolmasters in the Roman empire, both in the Latin West and the Greek East. It also tackles the issue of the low...
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The Ambiguous Role of Perception: Empiricist Views and Biological Perspectives on Sense Perception among the Hippocratics
ABSTRACT Despite the connections between perception and knowledge in Hippocratic medicine, what still remains unclear is the way in which these are structured and how they arise in relation to each other. It is this shadowy area that I plan to address...
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Symphosius' Mobile Snail
Among the 100 three-line hexameter riddles of Symphosius in the Anthologia Latina is one on the snail, No. 18: (1) Coclea Porto domum mecum, semper migrare parata, mutatoque solo non sum miserabilis exul; sed mihi [dagger] concilium [dagger]...
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