International Journal of E-Learning & Distance Education


Vol. 34, No. 2, 2019

Portfolio Project as Summative Language Assessment: Engaging Learners Online
(ProQuest: ... denotes formula omitted.)IntroductionThe realization that the majority of students who enrolled in one language sequence series in an online education program either did not complete their course at all, or did not successfully complete...
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Developing the Techno-Pedagogical Skills of Online University Instructors
IntroductionThe concept of skill development in instructors who provide initial and continuing education in an online university-level setting is not a new issue. However, the rapid evolution of the technology used to provide this type of training (Vachon,...
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Vol. 34, No. 1, 2019

Online Discussion Forums: Quality Interactions for Reducing Statistics Anxiety in Graduate Education Students
IntroductionRecent reports indicate radical increases in online graduate and undergraduate education programs in colleges and universities, with the rise of graduate degrees rapidly moving away from traditional face-to-face programs toward fully online...
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21st Century Assessment: Online Proctoring, Test Anxiety, and Student Performance
IntroductionOnline learning is an integral part of contemporary education in the United States, and globally. A 2011 study conducted by Ambient Insight Research indicates that over 1.25 million students took all their courses online (Adkins, 2011). The...
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Technology-Enabled Learning and the Benefits and Challenges of Using the Community of Inquiry Theoretical Framework
IntroductionMassive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are still considered a relatively new form of online learning, one that was implemented ahead of significant consideration of teaching and learning principles appropriate to large numbers of online learning...
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ePortfolios and Online Learning: Applying Concepts of Organizational Behavior
IntroductionInnovators, problem-solvers, and communicators are highly valued in today's rapidly changing world. These abilities are increasingly emphasized in institutions of higher education due to recognition that job-specific training is quickly outdated....
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Vol. 33, No. 2, 2018

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Academic Writing Interventions in a Community-Based B.Ed. Program
IntroductionAn established body of research has determined that attracting and retaining certified teachers to work in rural and remote locations is a persistent global problem (Canter, Voytecki, & Rodriguez, 2007; Grant, 2010; West & Jones,...
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A Team-Based Collaboration Used for the Development of Transnational Online Distance Education Courses
IntroductionSustainable Forestry Management and Rehabilitation Education in the Asia-Pacific RegionAppropriate education in sustainable forestry management (SFM) is one of the keys for regional development in the Asia-Pacific Region, however, universities...
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The Effective Affect: A Scoping Review of Social Presence
IntroductionHow people interact socially in an online learning environment is described as social presence. As social interaction in education has been shown to be a key element to learning (Dewey, 1963; Hiltz, 1994; Hurst, Wallace & Nixon, 2013;...
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Vol. 33, No. 1, 2018

Flexible Weighting in Online Distance Education Courses
IntroductionThis paper reports on two research studies undertaken to explore the validity and fairness of assignments in online / distance education courses, and the extent to which they allow students to use the perception of their own learning preferences...
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The Recognition of Non-Formal Education in Higher Education: Where Are We Now, and Are We Learning from Experience?
IntroductionPrior to the digital revolution, 'non-formal education' was defined as a flexible type of formal education, usually referring to programs offered by employers, community organisations, and other providers of education to adults. Such programs...
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Une Analyse Automatisée Des Modalités D'évaluation Des MOOC De la Plate-Forme FUN
IntroductionAlors que le débat sur les faibles taux de certification des MOOC bat son plein, la fondatrice de la plate-forme américaine Coursera publie sur la question un réquisitoire qui fera date (Koller et al., 2013), dont ces quelques phrases d'introduction,...
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De Cultura Aux MOOCs De Communication Interculturelle : Quelles Opportunités Pour la Formation Interculturelle À Distance?
IntroductionAvec l'essor d'Internet et le développement de l'utilisation des technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) dans l'éducation et la formation, des recherches ont été conduites sur Pintérét du recours a la télécollaboration...
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Attitudes towards Using Mobile Applications in Teaching Mathematics in Open Learning Systems
IntroductionToday's educational systems seek to integrate technology in education through computerized programs, and increase teachers' awareness of the proliferation of computerized and mobile applications in teaching.One of the most important challenges...
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Exploring the Behavioural Patterns of Knowledge Dimensions and Cognitive Processes in Peer-Moderated Asynchronous Online Discussions
IntroductionAs an asynchronous tool, discussion forums have been used either as a main means for communication and interaction in distance education (Lee & Tsai, 2011) or utilized as a complementary method to face-to-face teaching (Zhan, Xu, &...
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Vol. 32, No. 2, 2017

Designing Inclusive Learning for Twice Exceptional Students in Minecraft
IntroductionTwice exceptional (2e) learners are those who are intellectually gifted and experience some form of learning difficulty. They face a variety of unique challenges in education, and often are underprovided for in traditional school settings....
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Virtual Worlds and Gamification to Increase Integration of International Students in Higher Education: An Inclusive Design Approach
IntroductionOver the last decade, Ireland saw an enormous growth in the number of international students: in the development of its strategy for international education for the future, the Irish Department of Education and Skills noted that, from 2010/2011...
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Involving People with Autism in Development of Virtual World for Provision of Skills Training
IntroductionVirtual Reality (VR) has made a big comeback in recent years due to technological advances that have made it more affordable to the public. The term first appeared in the 1960s when a mechanical device called the Sensoramal created an immersive...
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Elements, Principles, and Critical Inquiry for Identity-Centered Design of Online Environments
IntroductionFrom a professional standpoint, the role of the learning designer is changing, and designers are taking on leadership roles in conversations around ethics and equity (Moore, 2014). As learning designers, we are intermediaries between departments,...
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Cultural Communication Characteristics and Student Connectedness in an Online Environment: Perceptions and Preferences of Online Graduate Students
IntroductionThere has been a steady increase over the past decade in individuals with diverse backgrounds entering higher education. In the Digest of Education Statistics: 2015, the National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES) predicted that by...
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Vol. 32, No. 1, 2017

Study Protocol for a Scoping Review on Social Presence
IntroductionEducation is a social event and replicating online the social interactions experienced in a face-to-face environment can be a complex undertaking. To help define these interactions, scholars have advanced the concept of social presence. However,...
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Towards A Framework for Virtual Internationalization
IntroductionDigitalization, internationalization, and an expansion of flexible distance provision are among the trends that the higher education landscape is experiencing in many countries today. At the intersection of these trends, the traditional boundaries...
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Vol. 31, No. 2, 2016

An Investigation into Effective Pedagogies in a Flipped Classroom: A Case Study
IntroductionHigher education institutions are facing a great deal of scrutiny for their failure to adequately educate students (McLaughlin et al., 2014). Research indicates that higher education institutions have not been able to fulfill their role in...
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Strengthening Deeper Learning through Virtual Teams in E-Learning: A Synthesis of Determinants and Best Practices
IntroductionE-learning has transformed traditional ways of learning in higher education. It is defined as:An approach to teaching and learning, representing all or part of the educational model applied, that is based on the use of electronic media and...
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Redesigning Design: Field Testing a Revised Design Rubric Based on iNACOL Quality Course Standards
IntroductionThe use of online courses in the K-12 environment continues to grow, with supplemental online course enrollments at roughly 4.5 million in the United States alone (Gemin, Pape, Vashaw, & Watson, 2015). This influx of online courses into...
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The Virtual Professor and Online Teaching, Administration and Research: Issues for Globally Dispersed Business Faculty
IntroductionThe use of online educational delivery in universities has increased dramatically. Changes in the learning needs of students, increased competition, economic circumstances and advances in technology have forced universities to re-strategize...
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Thirty Years Later: Reflection on Computer Assisted Learning or Communications for Instructional Technology in Distance Education
To celebrate the International Journal of E-learning and Distance Education's 30th anniversary, we thought it would be a great idea to ask a well-known researcher who provided an article for to the inaugural edition of the Journal, to reflect on his...
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Thirty Years Later: Educational Applications of Computer Conferencing
Linda is a luminary in the area of online education, and a pioneer of pedagogies and processes to research online learning. Since 1983, Linda has been a leading teacher, scholar and speaker on the theories and practices of online education, contributing...
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Vol. 31, No. 1, 2016

Penser L'enseignement À Distance : Valeurs Historiques, éConomiques et Esthétiques D'un Nouvel éLitisme
IntroductionAprès un parcours universitaire multidisciplinaire suivi par correspondance, nous avons été formé aux sciences sociales puis à la philosophie à l'École normale supérieure jusqu'au doctorat. Cet article veut porter un regard de praticien réflexif...
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The 3 X 2 Achievement Goal Model in Predicting Online Student Test Anxiety and Help-Seeking
IntroductionIn the past decade, online education has become an important part of public universities in the United States and is becoming increasingly prevalent globally. Students enroll in online classes at a more rapidly increasing rate than traditional...
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Effects of Tutoring Modes with an Activity Dashboard in a CSCL Environment
IntroductionFor several years, collaborative distance learning has been growing more and more popular, supported by the advance of interactive technologies. In a situation of collaborative face-toface activities, learners retain a direct and permanent...
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Opting in or Opting Out: The Role of Hybrid Learning Course Design on Student Persistence Decisions in an Indigenous Pre-Nursing Transitions Program
IntroductionThe New Media Consortium (NMC) Horizon Report: 2014 identified the adoption of hybrid learning in traditional higher education learning spaces as one of the most important trends that will impact education over the next two years (Johnson,...
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Distance Learning Postgraduate Student Stress While Writing a Dissertation or Thesis
IntroductionThe attrition of master's and doctoral students is a common problem for many universities. For instance, an estimated 40-50% of doctoral students leave university before completing their programmes in the U.S. (Golde, 2005) and in South Africa...
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Critical Thinking in Online Educational Discussions Measured as Progress through Inquiry Phases: A Discussion of the Cognitive Presence Construct in the Community of Inquiry Framework
IntroductionOnline discussions have become a widespread learning activity. The development of critical thinking is a rationale for higher education and a feature frequently examined in research about online discussions. A common method for assessing...
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Vol. 30, No. 2, 2015

Use and Perceptions of Second Life by Distance Learners: A Comparison with Other Communication Media
IntroductionStudying at a distance can be an isolating experience, and students can feel insecure about their learning when studying in this way (Knapper, 1988). When used in distance education, communication media can reduce feelings of distance and...
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Vol. 30, No. 1, 2015

Classroom Motivational Climate in Online and Face-to-Face Undergraduate Courses: The Interplay of Gender and Course Format
IntroductionWith increasing use of the Internet and the growing number of college students taking online classes, higher education is faced with new opportunities and challenges in online learning. Although some students choose online courses because...
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Diriger Soi-Même Ses Activités D'apprentissage Par et Dans Un Mooc De Type Connectiviste : Recherche Conduite Auprès De Participants Au C-Mooc Francophone « Itypa 1 »
IntroductionAu milieu de la précédente décennie, le « connectivisme » a été impulsé au Canada anglophone à partir des travaux de trois chercheurs en technologie éducative, à savoir Siemens, Downes et Cormier. Ces travaux portaient sur l'apprentissage...
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Vol. 29, No. 2, 2014

Pre-Service Teachers' Technological Pedagogical Knowledge: A Continuum of Views on Effective Technology Integration
INTRODUCTIONTechnology integration is arguably a relevant topic in teacher education, because numerous state, national, and international educational standards indicate the importance of educators integrating technology to support their own instruction...
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Autonomy and Responsibility: Online Learning as a Solution for At-Risk High School Students
INTRODUCTIONThe findings described in this paper point to the benefits and challenges of online learning for at-risk populations. Whether at-risk students whose personal characteristics and other circumstances may impact their online learning experience...
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Vol. 29, No. 1, 2014

An Exploratory Case Study of Online Instructors: Factors Associated with Instructor Engagement
INTRODUCTIONA considerable amount of research has investigated student engagement in online courses (e.g., Oliver, 1999; Angelino, Williams, & Natvig, 2007), but the question of instructor engagement in online environments has not received significant...
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A Study of the of Hybrid Instructional Delivery for Graduate Students in an Educational Leadership Course
INTRODUCTIONOnline learning as a form of distance education has flourished and been recognized as a viable alternate instructional delivery method in higher education. Colleges and universities are currently offering a myriad of online courses and degrees...
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Vol. 28, No. 1, 2014

Peer Learning in Virtual Schools
INTRODUCTIONIn the United States, the new Common Core State Standards (CCSS) emphasize the importance of, and the increasing requirements for, peer-to-peer learning. For example, the English Language Arts (ELA) speaking and listening standards require...
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Graduate Student Experiences On- and Off-Campus: Social Connectedness and Perceived Isolation
INTRODUCTIONThe need to develop alternative delivery mechanisms for instruction in higher education extends back to the 1950s, when increased student enrollment was beginning to limit on-campus space (Curtis, 1957). Early technology-based distance education...
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Vol. 27, No. 2, 2013

Open Educational Resources for Professionals: A New Era in the Training and Development of Legislative Counsel
AbstractThis paper discusses a current project to develop open educational resources (OER) for legislative counsel in countries of the Commonwealth of Nations. The project is the latest step in a 20-year old distance education program for those professionals....
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Vol. 27, No. 1, 2013

Developing Asynchronous Online Courses: Key Instructional Strategies in a Social Metacognitive Constructivist Learning Trajectory
AbstractThis qualitative, design-based research study resulted in a proposal for a comprehensive set of best instructional practices immersed in a learning trajectory, outlining the tools, processes and the content development for online asynchronous,...
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Vol. 26, No. 2, 2012

A Meta-Analytic and Qualitative Review of Online versus Face-to-Face Problem-Based Learning
AbstractProblem-based learning (PBL) is an instructional strategy that is poised for widespread application in the current, growing, on-line digital learning environment. While enjoying a track record as a defensible strategy in face-to-face learning...
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Social Media and Health Education: What the Early Literature Says
AbstractSocial media allows for a wealth of social interactions. More recently, there is a growing use of social media for the purposes of health education. Using an adaptation of the Networked student model by Drexler (2010) as a conceptual model, this...
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Presence in E-Learning: Theoretical Model and Perspectives for Research
AbstractThis article proposes a model of presence in e-learning that is based on Garrison & Anderson's (2003) community of inquiry (COI) model. While the proposed model is similar to the COI model, there are some significant differences. It addresses...
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The Evolution of Online Education at a Small Northern Ontario University: Theory and Practice
AbstractOne of the major influences on university education in Ontario is the growing use of Internet technologies. These new technologies have led faculty and learning experts at universities to talk about online and technology-enhanced learning with...
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Vol. 26, No. 1, 2012

The Impact of Socio-Cultural Issues for African Students in the South African Distance Education Context
AbstractOpen Distance Learning (ODL) takes place within different environments that are influenced by the social, cultural and political fields in which a student lives. This is particularly significant in South Africa where distance learning has been...
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A Critique of the Community of Inquiry Framework
AbstractThis conceptual paper critiques the popular Community of Inquiry framework (CoI) that is widely used for studying textbased asynchronous online discussion (Garrison, Anderson, & Archer, 2000). It re-examines the three main aspects of CoI...
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One Laptop per College Student? Exploring the Links between Access to IT Hardware and Academic Performance in Higher Education E-Learning Programs
AbstractIn an attempt to foster student integration in virtual education programs, several higher education institutions have launched systematic large-scale hand-outs of personal computers, inspired by the "One Laptop per Child" distribution model....
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